Presentation of BIC
Early 1988
Bus Interface Chip: BIC
Decouples electrically the hybrid from the bus
Bit-sliced bidirectionnal register (24 bits)
Fast low-voltage drivers and receivers
Clock distribution and skew control
Reduces number of bus taps
DBus amplification and decoding, ...
Working prototype since August 1987
Block Diagram
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Mounted in a large PGA (cavity size)
Power: +5V, Gnd, separate Gnd for high-speed bus
Bias voltages: for data and clock 2V receivers
Clocks: 7 clock-related wires
Debug bus: DBus (8), DCS, DOEn, Name
DBus amplification: 3 pairs
Arbiter: 4 Grant wires and SStop
Dynabus: 24 data (I/O), 2 requests, 1 Or4
Hybrid bus: 24 data (I/O), 2 requests, 4 Or4
Bit Slice
Data in hybrid: two mono-directional buses
Data: 24 bits, bidir., grant, scan path
Request: 2 bits, out only, no grant, scan path
Or4: 1 bit, out only, no grant, no scan path
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Hybrid layout explains the aspect ratio of BIC
Standard pad frame for slaves
Arbiter issues separate grants for slaves
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Debug Bus
Asynchronous bus
Hybrid select -> chip select
Address (access to address register)
Reset, Freeze, Shift, Execute (step-by-step)
DBusIn, DBusOut
Scan paths
Chip ID [16]: pattern[4], type[6], version[6]
Data path [52]:
Internal Clock Skew register [4]
External Clock Skew register [4]
DBus distribution
Decoding DBus address register -> Chip Select
2 bits -> BIC itself + 3 slaves
Up to 12 slaves possible
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Clock Distribution
Reference clock is carefully distributed
BIC adjusts its clock and one slave's clock
Adjustment done through DBus at power-up
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Skew control
Completely digital logic; two copies / BIC
Maximum allowable skew: 1.7 ns
Variations on clock load, buffer size, temperature, supply voltage, processing
Processing variation is dominant
16 taps, 0.7ns increment
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Layout Generation
Layout through schematics annotations
Complete description by schematics
High-power latchup-resistant cells for drivers
DIrect connection from/to pads
Large transistors
Standard cells for control
First design
Feb-May 1987, R. Bruce and L. Monier (part-time)
Style: large high-power SC + regular SC
Status of BIC1
Tested August 1987
100% functional
yield >> 50%
used on hybrid prototypes
expected 15ns min period on hybrid
Second design
Specs drifted a tad
Submitted December 1987